Tiger (Panthera tigris)
Morphology (Physical Characteristics): The largest member of the cat family, the tiger ranges in size from .9 m (3.01 ft) to 1.2 m (3.94 ft) tall at the top of the shoulder. They can grow from 2. m (7.55 ft) to 3.7 m (12.5 ft) in length, not including a 1 m (3.3 ft) tail, and weigh up to 800 lbs. With their orange with black striped coat, they are ideally camouflaged for the habitats in which they live.
Distribution/Habitats: Tigers primarily inhabit the tropical jungles of southeast Asia and India. However, tigers have evolved over time to survive in a variety of habitats including terrestrial forests and Siberia. For a map of the tiger distribution click here.
Population: As little as 100 years ago 100,000 tigers roamed the Earth. Today only about 6,000 live in the wild with another 12,000 held in captivity at zoos and conservation centers like the Conservators' Center Inc. (CCI).
Ecology and Conservation: Tigers rely on their jungle and wooden habitats to survive, living off the natural resources such as water, deer, buffalo, and wild pigs to drink and eat while requiring trees and other vegetation which provides cover and allowing their camouflage to be most effect for hunting prey. Unfortunately as the populations of humans have increased over time, we have started to use up these resources at an incredible rate threatening the very existance of this majestic animal to the point that if we don't take the conservation of this species in our own hands, they won't be around much longer for us to admire.